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Spanish: gender of the nouns 1- masculine/ feminine and exceptions

You know that in Spanish we have different noun endings – words ending in -o are normally masculine and those ending in -a are normally feminine.

gender of the nouns Spanish

 

You know that “el“-”la” both means “the”:

el espejo – the mirror

la libreta – the notebook

 

Moreover,  there are some exceptions to this rule. Many nouns with the ending of -ma are masculine:

el aroma- aroma, scent

el clima – weather

el diagrama -diagram, outlline

el drama – drama

el enigma – enigma

el esquema – outline

el fantasma – ghost

el idioma – language

el idioma – language

el morfema – morpheme

el panorama – panorama

el poema -poem

el problema -problem

el programa – programm

el sistema -system

el tema – them, topic

el teorema -theorem

el trauma – trauma

 

However, there are some words with ending -a that are masculine and you have to learn by heart because there is no rule:

el cometa – comet

el cura – priest

el día -day

el mapa -map

el planeta – planet

el síntoma -symtom

el sofá – sofa

el tanga -thong, G-string

el tranvía – streetcar

 

Also for some feminine words that the ending is -o

la mano – hand

la radio -radio

 

and…

la disco – disco

la foto – photo

la moto – moto

 

 

These three come from a longer word that ends with -a

la discoteca

la fotografía

la motocicleta

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So that’s the big picture. If you have more questions about the gender of the nouns, feel free to ask us on our group in Facebook: Let’s speak Spanish in Barcelona

 

 

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