Spanish: gender of the nouns 1- masculine/ feminine and exceptions

You know that in Spanish we have different noun endings – words ending in -o are normally masculine and those ending in -a are normally feminine.

gender of the nouns Spanish


You know that “el“-”la” both means “the”:

el espejo – the mirror

la libreta – the notebook


Moreover,  there are some exceptions to this rule. Many nouns with the ending of -ma are masculine:

el aroma- aroma, scent

el clima – weather

el diagrama -diagram, outlline

el drama – drama

el enigma – enigma

el esquema – outline

el fantasma – ghost

el idioma – language

el idioma – language

el morfema – morpheme

el panorama – panorama

el poema -poem

el problema -problem

el programa – programm

el sistema -system

el tema – them, topic

el teorema -theorem

el trauma – trauma


However, there are some words with ending -a that are masculine and you have to learn by heart because there is no rule:

el cometa – comet

el cura – priest

el día -day

el mapa -map

el planeta – planet

el síntoma -symtom

el sofá – sofa

el tanga -thong, G-string

el tranvía – streetcar


Also for some feminine words that the ending is -o

la mano – hand

la radio -radio



la disco – disco

la foto – photo

la moto – moto



These three come from a longer word that ends with -a

la discoteca

la fotografía

la motocicleta

So that’s the big picture. If you have more questions about the gender of the nouns, feel free to ask us on our group in Facebook: Let’s speak Spanish in Barcelona



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